Grain Buds, the eighth solar term in the 24 solar terms and the second solar term in summer, falls between May 20 and 22 every year. During the Little Manchu Solar term, the rainstorm in the south begins to increase and the precipitation is frequent. In the northern regions, there is less or no rain during the Xiaomeng Solar term, and this "full" does not refer to precipitation, but refers to the fullness of wheat.

The "24 Solar Terms" is the product of ancient Chinese farming civilization. It is not only a season system to guide farming production, but also a folk custom system with rich folk customs. According to the characteristics of the farming society, the solar term folk customs mainly include "small man worship car God", "small man move three cars (water, oil and silk cars)", "small man grab water", "small man silkworm festival", "small man eat wild vegetables" and so on.

Grain Buds means that the seeds of a summer crop are beginning to fill out, but are not yet mature. As the saying goes, "Beginning of summer Xiaomian is planting seedlings", "seedlings running small full valley running autumn". Therefore, Xiaomuan is the suitable season for rice planting. The main weather characteristics before and after the small full are high temperature, high humidity and rain, so food and clothing should pay attention to anti-mold. Before and after the small full, cold and warm frequent, should be particularly alert to rain, wind, lightning and other weather.

The "Grain Buds" season means that the water rises and the valley is full, and all things flourish and grow vigorously become the seasonal theme.
The name of  GRAIN BUDS has two meanings.


First, it is related to agriculture and meteorology. "Grain Buds, in May, that wheat gas so far small man, because not ripe also."

Second, it has to do with precipitation. As the saying goes, "The Grain Buds and Great Fullness." In the south, heavy rain began to increase and precipitation became frequent. Full, can refer to the ripeness of the grain, can also refer to the fullness of the rain.
Folk activity

1. The chariot God
Chariot worship is an ancient custom in some rural areas. In the related legend, the two car God is a white dragon in the small full season, people put fish, incense and other items on the water car to worship, the most interesting place is that there will be a cup of white water in the sacrifice, the white water will be poured into the field when the worship, there is blessing water inkstone overflowing meaning.

2. Sacrifice silkworms
According to legend, Grain Buds is the birthday of the silkworm god, so there is a silkworm praying festival in Jiangsu and Zhejiang during the Xiaoman solar term. China's farming culture is typical of "male ploughing and female weaving". The raw materials of women's weaving are mainly cotton in the north and silkworm culture in the south. Silk depends on the cultivation of silkworm cocoon and silk, so the cultivation of silkworm in the south of China is extremely prosperous, especially in the area of Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

3, see the wheat tips yellow
After the annual harvest, the wheat gradually ripen. In the vast rural areas of Shaanxi Province, married daughters go to their parents' homes to check on their preparations for the summer rush. In some places, it is set as a festival, called "see the busy".

4. Grab water
The growth of crops depends not only on the sun, but also on water, and only adequate water can ensure their smooth growth. After the small full solar term, the temperature began to rise, the farmland water evaporation fast, coupled with this time has entered the critical period of growth, the need to do irrigation work, the ancient people will "grab water" to meet the needs of crop growth. For example, in Zhejiang Province, there is the custom of grabbing water, usually presided over by the elderly, high moral and high hope. At dawn, torches are lit and placed on the water truck, and onlookers bang gongs and drums and start the water truck to introduce the river water into the farmland and alleviate the drought.

5. Grain Buds meeting
Some areas will hold "small manhui", that is, farmers come to the market to buy farm tools, straw hats, etc., in order to prepare for the summer harvest. At this time, the market can be described as lively, singing and dancing performances, opera and other everything, children will also pestering adults to buy snacks to satisfy their cravings, the whole "small full meeting" gongs and drums.

6. Eat bitterness
Every year around the small full solar term, bitter herbs ushered in vigorous growth, and the ancients because of food and clothing difficult to solve, so always dig bitter herbs to satisfy hunger. In fact, bitter cabbage is very rich in nutrition, containing choline, sugar, riboflavin, mannitol, minerals and other ingredients, can play a detoxification, cool blood, heat, fire and other effects, eat crisp and delicious, astringent with sweet, so it is also deeply loved by people today.

In addition,  Grain Buds chu also symbolizes good life conditions such as harvest , prosperity , gratitude , combination of work and rest , communication  and blooming . It is an important moment to be grateful to nature and enjoy life.